Cutting down trees and taking them away are very easy tasks. But, removing the stumps of the tree is such a difficult job. Sometimes, it is a safety hazard and nuisance for the people, property, and soil. So, in this situation, people find a good solution to remove stumps smoothly. In this writing, a step is taken to identify the problem and its solutions.
There are several methods to remove the tree stumps such as Physical stump removal, Digging tree stumps, Stump removal with the Shovel, Grinder, Shredder, Backhoe, chemicals, and burning the stumps. Let’s see below the details of the explanation of these methods.
How to remove tree stumps?
Tree stump removal is expensive and involves some difficulties that can be minimized by following a few techniques. The amount of time and energy the process consumes depends on the size, width, and root system of the particular tree. While the size and width in the open holes may be the only factors, how deep and wide the tree’s roots extend underground is another big concern as well.
When trees are felled or fallen, their stumps should be removed to prevent suckering and fungal root rot. Although they are often large and heavy, stumps can be removed with proper equipment and technique, or they can be removed by using long-term chemicals.
Tree stumps can be left in the ground after felling, but this can lead to sucker problems when new shoots emerge from the trunk and roots. Completely dead stumps will not form suckers, but they can be carriers of root diseases such as Armillaria, Fusarium, Phytophthoras, or other fungi, so it is not worth the risk.
Tree stumps can be physically removed at any time. It can be included in the works so that they remove the stumps when they are feeling the tree is the most convenient way to remove the stumps. Chemical agents that destroy the stump should be applied to freshly cut wood, so it is best to apply them immediately after felling. If not, they will need to be cut again before applying the product.
Physical stump removal
This is the best solution. Ideally, the stump should be completely removed, but if this is not possible, alternative methods usually give satisfactory results. For smaller trees, the stumps can be pulled out with a winch. Leverage requires leaving a good size chunk on the stump (up to 1.2m high) rather than cutting it at ground level. Manual start or mechanical mini excavator removes most of the root system. Removal is easier if trees are felled so that a significant length of the trunk remains to give the advantage to aid removal. It is necessary to have the repair of the damages that may be caused in the pavement or paving.
Digging tree stumps
For small stumps with roots that don’t extend too deep, digging even with your hands can be a good option. For smaller, larger stumps for which hands cannot be enough, some equipment such as a shovel, ax, pruning shears, etc. may be necessary. Dig deeper from the stump side and expose the roots.
Stump removal with the Shovel
A shovel can be useful equipment for that. Then cut off those roots with the appropriate tool and remove them. Finally, remove the stump with the shovel. If the stump is too large, cut it into pieces and then remove it.
After removing the stump, clean up the hole and fill it with a suitable substrate for the new planting.
Stump removal with the shredder
Alternatively, the machines known as stump crushers are provided with a hydraulic rotor that supports bits with very sharp steel blades, with a set of bits of different diameters which crush the wood stump in situ. Although stump grinders can be hired, they are potentially dangerous and are only for gardeners who are confident they can use the machinery safely. Some roots will inevitably remain in the ground, but most will eventually rot in the ground.
Stump removal with the Grinder,
Stump grinding is an amazing process to excavate the stumps of the trees. You can use a grinder to grind the stump easily. It is a great solution to remove the stumps.
Using the grinder or grinder to remove the stump may be a faster option if you have to remove a larger stump. Such elements almost chew the stump into pieces of up to 15 or 20 cm. below the ground. For small and medium stumps, just a grinder with carbide teeth can be enough to finish the job in minutes. For large stumps, it may take a little longer. Feasible work in parks or gardens without underground networks.
This type of equipment is available for rent or you can do it by a professional service or company
If you want to replant the area, it is best to remove most of the sawdust and fill the hole created by the stump crushing with the top layer of soil. If more sawdust is accidentally mixed into the existing soil, it is generally worth adding nitrogen fertilizer before planting to counteract potential issues with nutrient lockout. So, there is no alternative to stump grinding.
Stump removal with a backhoe
Backhoe removal of stumps may be a bit more expensive but is nonetheless the most effective. This method is particularly applicable if we have too many stumps to remove. This method is mainly used on land used for plantations. Backhoe or skid steer machines are available for rent and the work can be done by experienced professionals or companies.
Before hitching up a backhoe or mini loader make sure you’ve arranged a place to bury or transport the stumps.
Removal of tree stumps by applying chemicals
Removing a tree stump by applying chemicals is not as fast as other methods. Chemicals for removing stumps and roots currently on the market are those that contain glyphosate, their application is prohibited in the city.
This may involve treating the entire cut surface of the stump, drilling holes around the live edge of the stump to pour in the granules, or using a chisel or ax to make wedge-shaped inroads around the edge of the bark (often used for trees ). These notches can be filled with granules or brushed with the liquid herbicide. The best time to apply stump busters is from fall to winter.
There are several types of chemicals available in the market to apply which you can rot the stump, Nitrate of potash, and others. Although these chemicals speed the breakdown of stump wood, don’t expect the process to be very fast. This process can take too long to break down and remove a stump. To remove huge stumps with rock-solid wood and a huge root system can be removed in this procedure. This procedure is less popular as it takes time and involves some dangers to nature.
Burn the stumps
I do not recommend burning stumps in situ. They are usually too wet for this. The application of nitrate fertilizers also does not improve its combustion qualities or accelerate rotting, despite the fact that these fertilizers are oxidizing agents.
Burning the entire stump is a simple method popular with many people.
Use scrap materials and wood to light a fire on the stump and if the stump is dry and flammable, you may see the entire stump disappear within a few hours.
Be sure to check your local regulations on this procedure before proceeding. This solution is not applicable in public gardens and parks.
Forestry Mulching method
It is a different and indirect method to remove the stumps. Generally, it is used to clear the land and vegetation management. In some cases, if you want to clear the land you need to remove the stumps first to smoothen the soil. So, it is a great method.
Brush Clearing method
It is another effective method to remove the stumps. Mainly, Brush Clearing is essential to remove the vegetation and other obstacles of the land. Side by side, it removes other unwanted things from the soil. So, it is an effective system to remove the stamps.
Land and lot clearing
This method performs great to get rid of the stumps. It also clears trees, debris, boulders, and other large items that create problems for the land and property.
Always follow dosage, application, and health and safety instructions on the label of the applied product if used. Although it is not a legal requirement to wear protective clothing when handling and using amateur/household pesticides, I recommend wearing gloves, boots, and other protective clothing as a reasonable precaution.
Any choice that we choose must be made thinking about the future of the trees to replant in the fields that we have left when felling the trees, it is not acceptable to plant the same species of the tree without making a new substrate contribution, substituting those extracted from the planting hole. . We will have previously removed all the roots of the felled tree to avoid possible fungal infections. Today we no longer speak of providing land for future plantations, but rather of providing substrates, land prepared and mixed with organic matter or nutrients that favor the development of new trees.
The application of new urban arboriculture techniques forces us to disregard traditional cultural practices for the benefit of new plantations.
In each stump or tree to be eliminated, prior detection (by magnetic field) of possible underground service networks and control of the development of the works is necessary, making the necessary modifications at all times.
In urban trees located on sidewalks and/or paved areas, it is necessary to consider the existence of service networks, lighting, water, gas, traffic light signals, fiber optics, etc. which makes the use of stump removal machines dangerous, the extraction of the stumps must be carried out by companies accustomed to working on public roads to avoid risks.
The future of the new trees depends to a large extent on the good execution of these works, on the contributions of adequate substrates and on the choice of species of the appropriate sizes for the public thoroughfare, on the correction of previous bad plantings, in addition to the guarantee of good maintenance afterward.
In a nutshell, from the above discussion, it can be said that if you follow the above methods and rules, it is possible to remove the stumps easily and make the path convenient for the people, environment, and property.